3 March, 2023 | Archana Raj
The Quad Squad: Power and Purpose of the Polygon.
The United States, Japan, Australia, and India announced the formation of a Working Group on Counter-Terrorism on Friday, sharpening the group’s focus on combating terror.
A joint statement of the Quad Leaders issued in New Delhi today denounced the use of terrorist proxies and committed to promoting accountability for terrorist attacks including the 26/11 attack in Mumbai, “which claimed lives of citizens from all Quad countries”.
On November 26, 2008, heavily armed terrorists from Pakistan attacked Mumbai, killing at least 174 people, including 26 foreign nationals, and injuring over 300 others.
“We announce the establishment of the Quad Working Group on Counter-Terrorism, which will explore cooperation amongst the Quad and with Indo-Pacific partners, to counter new and emerging forms of terrorism, radicalization to violence and violent extremism,” the joint statement said.
It was noted that terrorism has become more widespread, owing to terrorists’ adaptation to and use of emerging and evolving technologies such as unmanned aerial systems (UAS) and the internet, including social media platforms, for recruitment and incitement to commit terrorist acts, as well as financing, planning, and preparation of terrorist activities.
The group also welcomed the focused discussions on these themes at Australia’s Quad Counter-Terrorism Policy Meeting and tabletop exercise in October 2022 and stated that it was looking forward to its first meeting in the United States in March 2023 to continue discussions on this global issue.
Earlier during a panel discussion on “The Quad Squad: Power and Purpose of the Polygon,” External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar said that new things have come out during the Quad Foreign Ministers’ Meeting.
“If you ask me what were the new things which came out today, we agreed on a counter-terrorism working group. We agreed on cooperating more closely with Indian Ocean Rim Association. We agreed that we had earlier worked out a Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) Quad initiative,” said Jaishankar.
“We are pleased to note the progress made under the Quad Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief Partnership (HADR) for the Indo-Pacific, since our last meeting in September 2022, when we signed the Guidelines for the Partnership,” read the statement.
Quad applauded the outcomes of the first HADR tabletop exercise and biannual meeting, which took place in India in December 2022, and looks forward to the completion of the Partnership’s Standard Operating Procedures (SOP), which would enable an effective and coordinated response mechanism.
Jaishankar also stated that one of the outcomes reached by Quad was that terrorist and counter-terrorism lists should not be politicized.
“We unequivocally condemn terrorism and violent extremism in all its forms and manifestations. We denounce the use of terrorist proxies and emphasize the importance of denying any logistical, financial or military support to terrorist organizations which could be used to launch or plan terrorist attacks, including transnational and cross-border attacks,” read the joint statement.
Furthermore, Quad reiterates its condemnation of terrorist attacks, including the 26/11 Mumbai attack, which killed citizens from all Quad countries, and the Pathankot attacks.
“We are committed to working together with our regional and international partners to promote accountability for the perpetrators of such terrorist attacks, including through designations by the UN Security Council 1267 Sanctions Committee. In this regard, we express our concern at attempts to politicize the working of the UNSC Sanctions Regimes and call on all states to maintain the transparent, objective, and evidence-based working methods of UNSC Sanctions Committees,” added the statement.
Speaking on reforms in the UN and Standard Operating Procedures on counter-terrorism, Jaishankar said, “So the SOP for that which I think the military people would obviously see as a prerequisite for their cooperation. We coordinated with the UN to make sure that the processes of the UN are respected and workings of the UN stayed true to its spirit. I was personally happy that there was a stronger expression of support from all of us collectively to the reform of the UN to the fact that there would be inter-governmental negotiations on the reform.”
He stated that the Quad is operational in 2023 because our leadership is less burdened by baggage.
“I take the Quad back to Boxing Day 2004 when the Indian Ocean Tsunami happened. In 2006, when Prime Minister Abe came to India, before coming he had the idea that Quad could be an effective way of dealing with the challenges. There was actually a Quad meeting, my memory serves me right, in Manila in 2007. Then it did not work out. If you ask me why didn’t it work out, as opposed to what happened 10 years later because it was revived 10 years later in 2017,” said Jaishankar.
“In 2019, it became a Foreign Minister’s level, and when the Biden administration came in in 2021, it became a Summit level. One, there was greater strategic clarity on the part of all the countries concerned. If I were to look at India’s ties with the US, it became much deeper. Japan also, grew, and the real big change has been in the last decade has been with Australia. In a way, Quad is working in 2023 because we have a leadership less burdened by baggage,” the external affairs minister added.
Meanwhile, in a joint statement issued today, the Quad called for an end to the Myanmar Junta’s violence and detentions. On Ukraine, the joint statement said they “continued to discuss our responses to the conflict in Ukraine and the immense human suffering it is causing, and concurred that the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons is inadmissible”.
“We underscored the need for a comprehensive, just, and lasting peace in Ukraine in accordance with international law, including the UN Charter. We emphasized that the rules-based international order must respect the sovereignty, territorial integrity, transparency, and peaceful resolution of disputes,” the statement added.